BonniDune Kennel is located in
Southern Indiana, USA. Although I started
with German Shepherd Dogs, today BonniDune is
dedicated to showing, trialing and producing
sound, versatile Border Collies.
BonniDune is proud to be recognized as an AKC Breeder of Merit.

Puppies Born December 25, 2013

What Tests A Border Collie Needs Before Breeding

Introduction

Before breeding a Border Collie, it is crucial to ensure the health and genetic soundness of the dog. Conducting specific tests can help identify potential health issues and reduce the risk of passing on hereditary diseases to future generations. This article will discuss the essential tests that a Border Collie should undergo before breeding.

1. Hip Dysplasia Evaluation

Hip dysplasia is a common condition in many dog breeds, including Border Collies. It is a hereditary disorder that affects the hip joint’s proper formation and can lead to arthritis and mobility issues. To assess the dog’s hip health, an X-ray evaluation is conducted by a veterinarian. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the PennHIP method are recognized authorities in evaluating hip dysplasia in dogs.

2. Eye Examinations

Border Collies are prone to several eye conditions, including Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA), progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and cataracts. These conditions can lead to visual impairment or even blindness. An annual eye examination by a board-certified veterinary ophthalmologist is essential to detect and monitor any eye abnormalities. The Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) provides certification for dogs with healthy eyes.

3. DNA Testing for Genetic Diseases

Border Collies can carry genetic diseases that may not be apparent through physical examination. DNA testing can identify carriers of various genetic diseases, such as degenerative myelopathy, epilepsy, and multidrug sensitivity (MDR1). By testing both potential parents, breeders can make informed decisions to avoid breeding dogs that may pass on these diseases to their offspring.

4. Thyroid Function Testing

Thyroid disorders are relatively common in dogs and can affect their overall health and reproductive abilities. Border Collies can be prone to autoimmune thyroiditis, which can lead to hypothyroidism. A thorough thyroid panel, including measuring thyroid hormone levels, can help identify any abnormalities and ensure the dog’s thyroid function is within a healthy range.

5. Brucellosis Screening

Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that can cause infertility and reproductive issues in dogs. It is crucial to screen both male and female Border Collies for this infection before breeding. The test involves blood or tissue sampling to detect the presence of Brucella canis antibodies. Breeding dogs with Brucellosis can lead to the spread of the disease to other dogs and should be avoided.

Conclusion

Breeding Border Collies requires responsible practices to ensure the health and well-being of the breed. Conducting necessary tests before breeding can help identify potential health issues and prevent the transmission of hereditary diseases to future generations. By prioritizing the health of the dogs, breeders contribute to the overall improvement of the breed and the happiness of the puppies and their future owners.

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